Phoenician Background

The history of Phoenician civilization dates between 1200 and 500 BC. With the capital cities of Byblos and Tyre, it was located in the Fertile Crescent and today would be a part of Lebanon, Cyprus, Turkey, Israel, Gaza Strip and Syria. As a maritime trading culture, crossing the Mediterranean Sea, Phoenicians are famous as the inventors of ancient warships – bireme and galley. Their population was organized in city-states, even Carthage was a former Phoenician colony, and had its own religion. Eventually, Phoenicia was turned

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